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Lecture SeriesImmunology and Homeopathy. 5. The Rationale of the 'Simile'
Paolo Bellavite1, Riccardo Ortolani2, Francesco Pontarollo1, Giuseppina Pitari3 and Anita Conforti4
1Department of Scienze Morfologico-Biomediche, University of Verona, Piazza L. A. Scuro, 37134 Verona, 2Association for Integrative Medicine 'Giovanni Scolaro', 3Department of Basic and Applied Biology, University of L'Aquila and 4Department of Medicina e Sanita` Pubblica, University of Verona, Italy
The foundation of homeopathic medicine is the 'Similia Principle', also known as the 'Principle
of Similarity' or also as the 'Simile', which reflects the inversion of pharmacological effects in
healthy subjects as compared with sick ones. This article describes the inversion of effects, a
widespread medical phenomenon, through three possible mechanisms: non-linearity of dose–
response relationship, different initial pathophysiological states of the organism, and
pharmacodynamics of body response to the medicine. Based on the systemic networks which
play an important role in response to stress, a unitary and general model is designed: homeopathic medicines could interact with sensitive (primed) regulation systems through complex information, which simulate the disorders of natural disease. Reorganization of regulation systems, through a coherent response to the medicine, could pave the way to the healing of the cellular, tissue and neuro-immuno-endocrine homeodynamics. Preliminary evidence is suggesting that even ultra-low doses and high-dilutions of drugs may incorporate structural or frequency information and interact with chaotic dynamics and physicalelectromagnetic levels of regulation. From the clinical standpoint, the 'simile' can be regarded as a heuristic principle, according to which the detailed knowledge of pathogenic effects of drugs, associated with careful analysis of signs and symptoms of the ill subject, could assist in identifying homeopathic remedies with high grade of specificity for the individual case.
Keywords: action–reaction principle – biologic networks – homeopathic medicine – hormesis – inverse effects – paradoxical pharmacology – response to stress – self-organization – Similia principle – Wilder's rule